Toyota Venza manuals

Toyota Venza: Short in Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step Circuit (B1815/54-B1818/54)

Toyota Venza Service Manual / Supplemental Restraint Systems / Airbag System / Short in Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step Circuit (B1815/54-B1818/54)

DESCRIPTION

The front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit consists of the center airbag sensor assembly and front passenger airbag assembly.

The center airbag sensor assembly uses this circuit to deploy the airbag when deployment conditions are met.

These DTCs are stored when a malfunction is detected in the front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

B1815/54

  • The center airbag sensor assembly receives a line short circuit signal in the front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit during primary check.
  • Front passenger side squib 2nd step malfunction
  • Center airbag sensor assembly malfunction
  • Instrument panel wire
  • Instrument panel wire assembly
  • Front passenger airbag assembly (Front passenger side squib 2nd step)
  • Center airbag sensor assembly

B1816/54

  • The center airbag sensor assembly receives an open circuit signal in the front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit.
  • Front passenger side squib 2nd step malfunction
  • Center airbag sensor assembly malfunction
  • Instrument panel wire
  • Instrument panel wire assembly
  • Front passenger airbag assembly (Front passenger side squib 2nd step)
  • Center airbag sensor assembly

B1817/54

  • The center airbag sensor assembly receives a short circuit to ground signal in the front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit.
  • Front passenger side squib 2nd step malfunction
  • Center airbag sensor assembly malfunction
  • Instrument panel wire
  • Instrument panel wire assembly
  • Front passenger airbag assembly (Front passenger side squib 2nd step)
  • Center airbag sensor assembly

B1818/54

  • The center airbag sensor assembly receives a short circuit to B+ signal in the front passenger side squib 2nd step circuit.
  • Front passenger side squib 2nd step malfunction
  • Center airbag sensor assembly malfunction
  • Instrument panel wire
  • Instrument panel wire assembly
  • Front passenger airbag assembly (Front passenger side squib 2nd step)
  • Center airbag sensor assembly

WIRING DIAGRAM


CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • Perform the simulation method by selecting check mode (Signal Check) using the Techstream (See page ).
  • After selecting check mode (Signal Check), perform the simulation method by wiggling each connector of the airbag system or driving the vehicle on a city or rough road (See page ).

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK CONNECTORS

(a) Turn the ignition switch off.


(b) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal, and wait for at least 90 seconds.

(c) Check that the connectors are properly connected to the front passenger airbag assembly and center airbag sensor assembly. Also check that the connectors that link the instrument panel wire and instrument panel wire assembly are properly connected.

OK:

The connectors are properly connected.

HINT:

If the connectors are not connected securely, reconnect the connectors and proceed to the next inspection.

(d) Disconnect the connectors from the front passenger airbag assembly and center airbag sensor assembly. Also disconnect the instrument panel wire from the instrument panel wire assembly.

(e) Check that the terminals of the connectors are not damaged.

OK:

The terminals are not deformed or damaged.

(f) Check that the instrument panel wire assembly connector (on the front passenger airbag assembly side) is not damaged.

OK:

The lock button is not disengaged, and the claw of the lock is not deformed or damaged.

(g) Check that the short springs for the instrument panel wire and instrument panel wire assembly with the activation prevention mechanism are not deformed or damaged.

OK:

The short springs are not deformed or damaged.

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly

*3

Instrument Panel Wire Assembly

*4

Instrument Panel Wire


NG

REPLACE WIRE HARNESS


OK

2.

CHECK FRONT PASSENGER AIRBAG ASSEMBLY (FRONT PASSENGER SIDE SQUIB 2ND STEP)

(a) Connect the instrument panel wire to the instrument panel wire assembly and center airbag sensor assembly.


(b) Connect SST (resistance 2.1 Ω) to connector E (black connector).

CAUTION:

Never connect an electrical tester to the front passenger airbag assembly (front passenger side squib 2nd step) for measurement, as this may lead to a serious injury due to airbag deployment.

NOTICE:

  • Do not forcibly insert SST into the terminals of the connector when connecting.
  • Insert SST straight into the terminals of the connector.

SST: 09843-18061

(c) Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

(d) Turn the ignition switch to ON, and wait for at least 60 seconds.

(e) Clear the DTCs stored in memory (See page ).


(f) Turn the ignition switch off.

(g) Turn the ignition switch to ON, and wait for at least 60 seconds.

(h) Check for DTCs (See page ).


OK:

DTCs B1815, B1816, B1817, B1818 or 54 is not output.

HINT:

Codes other than DTCs B1815, B1816, B1817, B1818 and 54 may be output at this time, but they are not related to this check.

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly

*3

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Front Passenger Airbag Assembly)

*4

Connector E

*5

Color: Black


OK

REPLACE FRONT PASSENGER AIRBAG ASSEMBLY


NG

3.

CHECK FRONT PASSENGER SIDE SQUIB 2ND STEP CIRCUIT

(a) Turn the ignition switch off.


(b) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal, and wait for at least 90 seconds.

(c) Disconnect SST from connector E.

(d) Disconnect the instrument panel wire from the center airbag sensor assembly.

(e) Check for a short to B+ in the circuit.

(1) Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

(2) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(3) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Switch Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V

G2-2 (P2-) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V

(f) Check for an open in the circuit.

(1) Turn the ignition switch off.

(2) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal, and wait for at least 90 seconds.

(3) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - G2-2 (P2-)

Always

Below 1 Ω

(g) Check for a short to ground in the circuit.

(1) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

G2-2 (P2-) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

(h) Check for a short in the circuit.

(1) Release the activation prevention mechanism built into connector B (See page ).


(2) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - G2-2 (P2-)

Always

1 MΩ or higher

(i) Restore the released activation prevention mechanism of connector B to the original condition.

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly

*3

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Front Passenger Airbag Assembly)

*4

Connector E

*5

Color: Black


NG

GO TO STEP 5


OK

4.

CHECK CENTER AIRBAG SENSOR ASSEMBLY

(a) Connect the connectors to the front passenger airbag assembly and center airbag sensor assembly.


(b) Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

(c) Turn the ignition switch to ON, and wait for at least 60 seconds.

(d) Clear the DTCs stored in memory (See page ).


(e) Turn the ignition switch off.

(f) Turn the ignition switch to ON, and wait for at least 60 seconds.

(g) Check for DTCs (See page ).


OK:

DTC B1815, B1816, B1817, B1818 or 54 is not output.

HINT:

Codes other than DTCs B1815, B1816, B1817, B1818 and 54 may be output at this time, but they are not related to this check.

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly


OK

USE SIMULATION METHOD TO CHECK


NG

REPLACE CENTER AIRBAG SENSOR ASSEMBLY

5.

CHECK INSTRUMENT PANEL WIRE

(a) Disconnect the instrument panel wire assembly from the instrument panel wire.


(b) Check for a short to B+ in the circuit.

(1) Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

(2) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(3) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Switch Condition

Specified Condition

DG1-3 (P2+) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V

DG1-4 (P2-) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V

(c) Check for an open in the circuit.

(1) Turn the ignition switch off.

(2) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal, and wait for at least 90 seconds.

(3) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

DG1-3 (P2+) - DG1-4 (P2-)

Always

Below 1 Ω

(d) Check for a short to ground in the circuit.

(1) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

DG1-3 (P2+) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

DG1-4 (P2-) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

(e) Check for a short in the circuit.

(1) Release the activation prevention mechanism built into connector B (See page ).


(2) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

DG1-3 (P2+) - DG1-4 (P2-)

Always

1 MΩ or higher

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly

*3

Instrument Panel Wire Assembly

*4

Instrument Panel Wire

*5

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Instrument Panel Wire Assembly)

*6

Connector C


NG

REPLACE INSTRUMENT PANEL WIRE


OK

6.

CHECK INSTRUMENT PANEL WIRE ASSEMBLY

(a) Check for a short to B+ in the circuit.

(1) Connect the cable to the negative (-) battery terminal.

(2) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(3) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Switch Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V

G2-2 (P2-) - Body ground

Ignition switch ON

Below 1 V


(b) Check for an open in the circuit.

(1) Turn the ignition switch off.

(2) Disconnect the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal, and wait for at least 90 seconds.

(3) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - G2-2 (P2-)

Always

Below 1 Ω

(c) Check for a short to ground in the circuit.

(1) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

G2-2 (P2-) - Body ground

Always

1 MΩ or higher

(d) Check for a short in the circuit.

(1) Release the activation prevention mechanism built into connector D (See page ).


(2) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

G2-1 (P2+) - G2-2 (P2-)

Always

1 MΩ or higher

Text in Illustration

*1

Front Passenger Side Squib 2nd Step

*2

Center Airbag Sensor Assembly

*3

Instrument Panel Wire Assembly

*4

Instrument Panel Wire

*5

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Front Passenger Airbag Assembly)

*6

Connector E

*7

Color: Black


OK

USE SIMULATION METHOD TO CHECK


NG

REPLACE INSTRUMENT PANEL WIRE ASSEMBLY

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