Toyota Venza manuals

Toyota Venza: Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Performance (Shift Solenoid Valve SL3) (P0796)

Toyota Venza Service Manual / U660e Automatic Transmission / Transaxle / Automatic Transaxle System / Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Performance (Shift Solenoid Valve SL3) (P0796)

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The TCM uses the vehicle speed signal and signals from the transmission speed sensors (NC, NT) to detect the actual gear (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear).

Then the TCM compares the actual gear with the shift schedule in the TCM memory to detect mechanical problems of the shift solenoid valves and valve body.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0796

The engine revs freely when 2nd or 6th gear is commanded (2-trip detection logic).

When the following is detected twice (2-trip detection logic):

  • When 1st gear is commanded, 2nd gear is engaged.
  • Shift solenoid valve SL3 remains open or closed.
  • Valve body is blocked.
  • Automatic transaxle (clutch, brake or gear etc.)

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The TCM commands gear shifts by turning the shift solenoid valves on and off. According to the input shaft revolution (speed), intermediate (counter) shaft revolution (speed) and output shaft revolution (speed), the TCM detects the actual gear (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear). When the gear commanded by the TCM and the actual gear are not the same, the TCM illuminates the MIL and stores the DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0796:

Shift solenoid valve SL3/OFF malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL3/ON malfunction

Required sensors/Components

Shift solenoid valve SL3, Speed sensor (NT), Speed sensor (NC), Crankshaft position sensor (NE)

Frequency of operation

Continuous

Duration

OFF malfunction (A) and (B)

0.5 sec.

OFF malfunction (C) and (D)

0.8 sec.

ON malfunction

0.8 sec.

MIL operation

2 driving cycles

Sequence of operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

ALL:

The monitor will run whenever this DTC is not present.

(Not circuit malfunction)

P0712, P0713 (ATF temperature sensor circuit (TFT sensor))

P0115, P0117, P0118 (ECT sensor circuit)

P0715, P0717 (Turbine speed sensor circuit)

P0791, P0793 (Intermediate shaft speed sensor circuit)

P0748 (Shift solenoid valve SL1 circuit)

P0778 (Shift solenoid valve SL2 circuit)

P0798 (Shift solenoid valve SL3 circuit)

P2810 (Shift solenoid valve SL4 circuit)

P0327, P0328, P0332, P0333 (KCS sensor circuit)

P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223, P0604, P0606, P060A, P060B, P060D, P060E, P0657, P1607, P2102, P2103, P2111, P2112, P2118, P2119, P2135 ((ETCS) Electronic throttle control system)

U0100 (CAN communication system)

Transmission range

"D"

TFT (Transmission fluid temperature)

-10°C (14°F) or more

TFT (Transmission fluid temperature) sensor circuit

No circuit malfunction

ECT (Engine coolant temperature) sensor circuit

No circuit malfunction

Turbine speed sensor circuit

No circuit malfunction

Intermediate shaft speed sensor circuit

No circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL1 circuit

No circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL2 circuit

No circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL3 circuit

No circuit malfunction

Shift solenoid valve SL4 circuit

No circuit malfunction

(KCS) Knock control sensor circuit

No circuit malfunction

(ETCS) Electronic throttle control system

Not system down

CAN communication system

Not system down

Engine

Starting

OFF malfunction (A):

TCM selected gear

2nd

Throttle valve opening angle

3% or more

TCM indicated pressure value of SL1

1,200 kPa

TCM indicated pressure value of SL2

0 kPa

TCM indicated pressure value of SL3

1,200 kPa

OFF malfunction (B):

TCM selected gear

6th

Throttle valve opening angle

3% or more

TCM indicated pressure value of SL1

0 kPa

TCM indicated pressure value of SL2

1,200 kPa

TCM indicated pressure value of SL3

1,200 kPa

OFF malfunction (C):

TCM selected gear

2nd

Throttle valve opening angle:

 

(When condition "D" is not detected)

4.5% or more at engine speed 2,000 rpm (condition varies with engine speed)

(When condition "D" is detected)

1.5% or more at engine speed 750 rpm (condition varies with output speed)

ECT (engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or more

OFF malfunction (D):

Throttle valve opening angle

1.5% or more at engine speed 750 rpm (condition varies with output speed)

ON malfunction:

TCM selected gear

1st

Vehicle speed

1.2 mph (2 km/h) or more

Engine speed - Turbine speed

50 rpm or more

ECT (engine coolant temperature)

40°C (104°F) or more

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Either of the following conditions is met: OFF malfunction (A) or (B) or ((C) and (D)), or ON malfunctions
  • 2 detections are necessary per driving cycle:
    • 1st detection; temporary flag ON
    • 2nd detection; pending fault code ON
OFF malfunction (A):

Turbine speed - Output speed x 2nd gear ratio

1,000 rpm or more

OFF malfunction (B):

Turbine speed - Output speed x 6th gear ratio

1,000 rpm or more

OFF malfunction (C):

Input (turbine) speed/Intermediate shaft speed

3.304 to 7.724

OFF malfunction (D):

Input (turbine) speed/Intermediate shaft speed

3.304 to 7.724

ON malfunction:

Input (turbine) speed/Intermediate shaft speed

1.901 to 2.340

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

Perform the universal trip to clear permanent DTCs (See page ).


PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P0796)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / ECT / Trouble Codes.

(e) Read the DTCs using the Techstream.

Display (DTC Output)

Proceed to

Only "P0796" is output

A

"P0796" and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If a solenoid is stuck off, DTCs for several solenoids including the malfunctioning solenoid will be detected.


A

GO TO STEP 3


B

2.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM

NOTICE:

This test should always be performed with at least 2 people.

(a) Warm up the engine.

(b) Turn the ignition switch off.

(c) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(d) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(e) Turn the Techstream on.

(f) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / ECT / Active Test.

(g) According to the display on the Techstream, perform the Active Test.

HINT:

Comparing the gear commanded by the Active Test with the actual gear enables confirmation of the problem (See page ).


Item

Test Details

Diagnostic Note

Control the Shift Position

[Test Details]

Operates the shift solenoid valves to allow gears to selected manually.

[Others]

  • Press "→" button: Upshift occurs
  • Press "←" button: Downshift occurs

Can be used to check the operation of the shift solenoid valves.

NOTICE:

  • This test can be conducted when the vehicle is stopped.
  • When shifting gears using the Active Test function, do not operate the accelerator pedal for 2 seconds before and after shifting gears.

HINT:

The gear commanded by the TCM is shown in the Data List / Shift Status display on the Techstream.

(h) Check the vehicle speed and the gear when the engine speed is 1000 rpm.

HINT:

Because the torque converter has not engaged, it may be difficult to obtain the speeds specified in 4th, 5th, and 6th gear, however a difference of speed should still be evident following each gear change.

Standard:

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

8 to 12 km/h (5 to 7.5 mph)

15 to 19 km/h (9.3 to 11.8 mph)

21 to 25 km/h (13.0 to 15.5 mph)

31 to 35 km/h (19.3 to 21.7 mph)

44 to 48 km/h (27.3 to 29.8 mph)

52 to 56 km/h (32.3 to 34.8 mph)

(i) Compare the TCM commanded gear and the actual gear.

Actuator Gear during Malfunction

TCM Commanded Gear

Proceed to

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

Shift solenoid SL1

Stuck ON

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

4th

4th

A

Stuck OFF

N*1

N*1

N*1

N*1

5th

6th

Shift solenoid SL2

Stuck ON

4th

4th

4th

4th

5th

6th

B

Stuck OFF

1st

2nd

3rd

1st

N*1

N*1

Shift solenoid SL3

Stuck ON

2nd

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

C

Stuck OFF

1st

1st

3rd

4th

5th

N*1

Shift solenoid SL4

Stuck ON*3

3rd

3rd

3rd

4th

5th

5th

D

Stuck OFF

1st

2nd

1st

4th

N*1

6th

Shift solenoid SLT

Stuck ON

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

N*2

E

Stuck OFF*3

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

HINT:

  • *1: Neutral
  • *2: If shift solenoid SLT is stuck on, the line pressure will be low. Therefore, the amount of torque that can be transmitted by each gear is lower than the normal limit. When the engine power exceeds this lowered limit, the engine speed will increase freely.
  • *3: When shift solenoid SLT is stuck off, gear shifting is normal.

A

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE (SL1) PERFORMANCE DTC P0746)


B

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE (SL2) PERFORMANCE DTC P0776)


D

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE (SL4) PERFORMANCE DTC P2808)


E

GO TO DTC CHART (RELATED SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE (SLT) PERFORMANCE DTC P2714)


C

3.

INSPECT SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL3

(a) Remove shift solenoid valve SL3.


(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

1 - 2

20°C (68°F)

5.0 to 5.6 Ω

Text in Illustration

*1

Shift Solenoid Valve SL3

(c) Connect a battery positive (+) lead with a 21 W bulb to terminal 2 and a negative (-) lead to terminal 1 of the solenoid valve connector. Then check that the valve moves and makes an operating sound.

OK:

Valve moves and makes an operating sound.


NG

REPLACE SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE SL3


OK

4.

INSPECT TRANSMISSION VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY

(a) Check the transmission valve body assembly (See page ).


OK:

There are no foreign objects on each valve and they operate smoothly.


OK

REPLACE AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE ASSEMBLY


NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE TRANSMISSION VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY

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