Toyota Venza manuals

Toyota Venza: Throttle / Pedal Position Sensor / Switch "A" Circuit Malfunction (P0120-P0123,P0220,P0222,P0223,P2135)

Toyota Venza Service Manual / 1ar-fe Engine Control / Sfi System / Throttle / Pedal Position Sensor / Switch "A" Circuit Malfunction (P0120-P0123,P0220,P0222,P0223,P2135)

DESCRIPTION

HINT:

These DTCs relate to the throttle position sensor.

The throttle position sensor is mounted on the throttle body, and detects the opening angle of the throttle valve. This sensor is a non-contact type sensor. It uses hall-effect elements in order to yield accurate signals even in extreme driving conditions, such as at high speeds as well as very low speeds.

The throttle position sensor has 2 sensor circuits, each of which transmits a signal, VTA1 and VTA2. VTA1 is used to detect the throttle valve angle and VTA2 is used to detect malfunctions in VTA1. The sensor signal voltages vary between 0 V and 5 V in proportion to the throttle valve opening angle, and are transmitted to the VTA1 and VTA2 terminals of the ECM.

As the valve closes, the sensor output voltage decreases and as the valve opens, the sensor output voltage increases. The ECM calculates the throttle valve opening angle according to these signals and controls the throttle actuator in response to driver inputs. These signals are also used in calculations such as air fuel ratio correction, power increase correction and fuel-cut control.


DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0120

The output voltage of VTA1 quickly fluctuates beyond the lower and upper malfunction thresholds for 2 seconds or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • ECM

P0121

The difference between the VTA1 and VTA2 voltages is below 0.8 V, or higher than 1.6 V for 2 seconds

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • Throttle position sensor circuit
  • ECM

P0122

The output voltage of VTA1 is 0.2 V or less for 2 seconds or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • Short in VTA1 circuit
  • Open in VCTA circuit
  • ECM

P0123

The output voltage of VTA1 is 4.535 V or higher for 2 seconds or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • Open in VTA1 circuit
  • Open in ETA circuit
  • Short between VCTA and VTA1 circuits
  • ECM

P0220

The output voltage of VTA2 quickly fluctuates beyond the lower and upper malfunction thresholds for 2 seconds or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • ECM

P0222

The output voltage of VTA2 is 1.75 V or less for 2 seconds

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • Short in VTA2 circuit
  • Open in VCTA circuit
  • ECM

P0223

The output voltage of VTA2 is 4.8 V or higher, and VTA1 is between 0.2 V and 2.02 V for 2 seconds or more

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • Open in VTA2 circuit
  • Open in ETA circuit
  • Short between VCTA and VTA2 circuits
  • ECM

P2135

Either of the following conditions is met (1 trip detection logic):

(a) The difference between the output voltages of VTA1 and VTA2 is 0.02 V or less for 0.5 seconds or more

(b) The output voltage of VTA1 is 0.2 V or less, and VTA2 is 1.75 V or less for 0.4 seconds or more

  • Short between VTA1 and VTA2 circuits
  • Throttle position sensor (built into throttle body)
  • ECM

HINT:

  • When any of these DTCs are output, check the throttle valve opening angle using the Techstream. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / ETCS / Throttle Position No. 1 and Throttle Position No. 2.
  • Throttle Position No. 1 is the VTA1 signal, and Throttle Position No. 2 is the VTA2 signal.

    Reference (Normal Condition):

    Techstream Display

    Accelerator Pedal Fully Released

    Accelerator Pedal Fully Depressed

    Throttle Position No. 1

    0.5 to 1.1 V

    3.2 to 4.8 V

    Throttle Position No. 2

    2.1 to 3.1 V

    4.6 to 4.98 V

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM uses the throttle position sensor to monitor the throttle valve opening angle. There are several checks that the ECM performs to confirm the proper operation of the throttle position sensor.

P0120, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223 and P2135:
  • A specific voltage difference is expected between the sensor terminals, VTA1 and VTA2, for each throttle valve opening angle. If the difference between VTA1 and VTA2 is incorrect, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor circuit, and stores a DTC.
  • VTA1 and VTA2 each have a specific voltage range. If VTA1 or VTA2 is outside the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor circuit, and stores a DTC.
  • VTA1 and VTA2 should never be close to the same voltage level. If VTA1 is within 0.02 V of VTA2, the ECM determines that there is a short circuit in the sensor circuit, and stores a DTC.
P0121:
  • This sensor transmits two signals: VTA1 and VTA2. VTA1 is used to detect the throttle opening angle and VTA2 is used to detect malfunctions in VTA1. The ECM performs several checks to confirm the proper operation of the throttle position sensor and VTA1.

    For each throttle opening angle, a specific voltage difference is expected between the outputs of VTA1 and VTA2. If the output voltage difference between the two signals deviates from the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the throttle position sensor. The ECM illuminates the MIL and stores the DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0120: Throttle Position Sensor 1 Range Check (Chattering)

P0121: Throttle Position Sensor Rationality

P0122: Throttle Position Sensor 1 Range Check (Low voltage)

P0123: Throttle Position Sensor 1 Range Check (High voltage)

P0220: Throttle Position Sensor 2 Range Check (Chattering)

P0222: Throttle Position Sensor 2 Range Check (Low voltage)

P0223: Throttle Position Sensor 2 Range Check (High voltage)

P2135: Throttle Position Sensor Correlation

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Throttle position sensor

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

2 seconds: P0120, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222 and P0223

Within 2 seconds: P0121

0.5 seconds: P2135 (Case 1)

0.4 seconds: P2135 (Case 2)

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

All

Monitor runs whenever the following DTCs are not stored

None

P0120, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223, P2135

Either of the following conditions is met:

A or B

A. Time after ignition switch off to ON

0.012 seconds or more

B. Command to electronic throttle actuator power

ON

P0121

Either of the following conditions is met:

A or B

A. Ignition switch

ON

B. Electric throttle motor power

ON

Throttle position sensor malfunction (P0120, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223, P2135)

Not detected

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

P0120

VTA1 voltage

0.2 V or less, or 4.535 V or higher

P0121

Either of the following conditions is met:

A or B

A. Difference of learned throttle position sensor opener position voltage between VTA1 and VTA2

Higher than 1.6 V

B. Difference of learned throttle position sensor opener position voltage between VTA1 and VTA2

Lower than 0.8 V

P0122

VTA1 voltage

0.2 V or less

P0123

VTA1 voltage

4.535 V or higher

P0220

Either of the following conditions is met:

A or B

A. VTA2 voltage

1.75 V or less

B. VTA2 voltage when VTA1 voltage 0.2 to 2.02 V

4.8 V or higher

P0222

VTA2 voltage

1.75 V or less

P0223

VTA2 voltage when VTA1 voltage 0.2 to 2.02 V

4.8 V or higher

P2135 (Case 1)

Difference between VTA1 and VTA2 voltage

0.02 V or less

P2135 (Case 2)

Both of the following conditions are met

-

VTA1 voltage

0.2 V or less

VTA2 voltage

1.75 V or less

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

All of the following conditions are met

-

VTA1 voltage

More than 0.2 V, and less than 4.535 V

VTA2 voltage

More than 1.75 V, and less than 4.8 V

Difference between VTA1 and VTA2 voltages

More than 0.02 V

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN


  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  3. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the Clear DTC procedure) (See page ).

  4. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  5. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on [A].
  6. Start the engine.
  7. With the vehicle stationary, fully depress and release the accelerator pedal [B].
  8. Idle the engine for 2 seconds or more [C].
  9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [D].
  10. Read the Pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  11. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  12. Input the DTC: P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223 or P2135.
  13. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    N/A

    • Unable to perform DTC judgment
    • Number of DTCs which do not fulfill DTC preconditions has reached ECU's memory limit

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result shows INCOMPLETE or N/A, perform steps [B] and [D] again.
  14. If no pending DTC is output, perform a universal trip and check for permanent DTCs (See page ).

    HINT:

    • If a permanent DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If no permanent DTC is output, the system is normal.

FAIL-SAFE

When any of these DTCs, as well as other DTCs relating to electronic throttle control system malfunctions are stored, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. During fail-safe mode, the ECM cuts the current to the throttle actuator, and the throttle valve is returned to a 6° throttle angle by the return spring. The ECM then adjusts the engine output by controlling the fuel injection (intermittent fuel-cut) and ignition timing, in accordance with the accelerator pedal opening angle, to allow the vehicle to continue at a minimal speed. If the accelerator pedal is depressed firmly and gently, the vehicle can be driven slowly.

Fail-safe mode continues until a pass condition is detected, and the ignition switch is then turned off.

WIRING DIAGRAM


CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

READ VALUE USING TECHSTREAM (THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Throttle Position No. 1 and Throttle Position No. 2.

(e) Read the values displayed on the Techstream.

Result

When Accelerator Pedal Released

When Accelerator Pedal Depressed

Trouble Area

Proceed to

Throttle Position No. 1

Throttle Position No. 2

Throttle Position No. 1

Throttle Position No. 2

0 to 0.2 V

0 to 0.2 V

0 to 0.2 V

0 to 0.2 V

VCTA circuit open

A

4.5 to 4.98 V

4.5 to 4.98 V

4.5 to 4.98 V

4.5 to 4.98 V

ETA circuit open

0 to 0.2 V,

or 4.5 to 4.98 V

2.1 to 3.1 V

(Fail-safe)

0 to 0.2 V,

or 4.5 to 4.98 V

2.1 to 3.1 V

(Fail-safe)

VTA1 circuit open or ground short

0.6 to 1.4 V

(Fail-safe)

0 to 0.2 V,

or 4.5 to 4.98 V

0.6 to 1.4 V

(Fail-safe)

0 to 0.2 V,

or 4.5 to 4.98 V

VTA2 circuit open or ground short

0.5 to 1.1 V

2.1 to 3.1 V

3.2 to 4.8 V

(Not fail-safe)

4.6 to 4.98 V

(Not fail-safe)

Throttle position sensor circuit normal

B

HINT:

  • DTC P0121 is stored when the voltages output from VTA1 and VTA2 are not consistent with the characteristics of the sensors. Therefore, check the Freeze Frame Data when this DTC is output. Use the following formula to confirm relative fluctuations in voltage.

    Characteristics of sensor output:

    VTA2 x 0.8 is approximately equal to VTA1 + 1.11 V

    VTA1: Throttle Position No. 1

    VTA2: Throttle position No. 2

  • If DTC P0121 is output, proceed to the "CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR - ECM)".

B

GO TO STEP 5


A

2.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the throttle position sensor connector.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance (Check for Open):

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

B1-5 (VC) - B58-88 (VCTA)

Always

Below 1 Ω

B1-6 (VTA) - B58-90 (VTA1)

Always

Below 1 Ω

B1-4 (VTA2) - B58-89 (VTA2)

Always

Below 1 Ω

B1-3 (E2) - B58-111 (ETA)

Always

Below 1 Ω

Standard Resistance (Check for Short):

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

B1-5 (VC) or B58-88 (VCTA) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

B1-6 (VTA) or B58-90 (VTA1) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

B1-4 (VTA2) or B58-89 (VTA2) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher


NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR - ECM)


OK

3.

INSPECT ECM (VC VOLTAGE)

(a) Disconnect the throttle position sensor connector.


(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Switch Condition

Specified Condition

B1-5 (VC) - B1-3 (E2)

Ignition switch ON

4.5 to 5.5 V

Text in Illustration

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Throttle Position Sensor)


NG

REPLACE ECM


OK

4.

REPLACE THROTTLE BODY

(a) Replace the throttle body (See page ).


HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the throttle body (See page ).



NEXT

5.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR DTCS)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Clear the DTCs (See page ).


(e) Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

(f) Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.

(g) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(h) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.

(i) Read the DTCs.

Result

Proceed to

DTC P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0220, P0222, P0223, and/or P2135 are output

A

DTC is not output

B


A

REPLACE ECM


B

END

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