Toyota Venza manuals

Toyota Venza: Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Malfunction (P0115,P0117,P0118)

Toyota Venza Service Manual / 1ar-fe Engine Control / Sfi System / Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Malfunction (P0115,P0117,P0118)

DESCRIPTION

A thermistor, whose resistance value varies according to the engine coolant temperature, is built into the engine coolant temperature sensor.

The structure of the sensor and its connection to the ECM are similar to those of the intake air temperature sensor.

HINT:

When any of DTCs P0115, P0117 or P0118 are set, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. During fail-safe mode, the engine coolant temperature is estimated to be 80°C (176°F) by the ECM. Fail-safe mode continues until a pass condition is detected.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0115

An open or short in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit for 0.5 seconds

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open or short in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit
  • Engine coolant temperature sensor
  • ECM

P0117

A short in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit for 0.5 seconds

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Short in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit
  • Engine coolant temperature sensor
  • ECM

P0118

An open in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit for 0.5 seconds

(1 trip detection logic)

  • Open in engine coolant temperature sensor circuit
  • Engine coolant temperature sensor
  • ECM

HINT:

When any of these DTCs are set, check the engine coolant temperature by entering the following menus on the Techstream: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Coolant Temp.

Temperature Displayed

Malfunction

-40°C (-40°F)

Open circuit

Higher than 135°C (275°F)

Short circuit

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

  • The engine coolant temperature sensor is used to monitor the engine coolant temperature. The engine coolant temperature sensor has a thermistor with a resistance that varies according to the temperature of the engine coolant. When the coolant temperature is low, the resistance in the thermistor increases. When the temperature is high, the resistance drops. These variations in resistance are reflected in the output voltage from the sensor. The ECM monitors the sensor voltage and uses this value to calculate the engine coolant temperature. When the sensor output voltage deviates from the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the engine coolant temperature sensor and sets a DTC.
    • Example:
      • If the sensor output voltage is more than 4.91 V for 0.5 seconds or more, the ECM determines that there is an open in the engine coolant temperature sensor circuit, and sets DTC P0118. Conversely, if the voltage output is less than 0.14 V for 0.5 seconds or more, the ECM determines that there is a short in the sensor circuit, and sets DTC P0117.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0115: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Range Check (Chattering)

P0117: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Range Check (Low voltage)

P0118: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Range Check (High voltage)

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Engine coolant temperature sensor

Required Sensors/Components (Sub)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

0.5 seconds

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Monitor runs whenever the following DTCs are not stored

None

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

P0115

Engine coolant temperature sensor voltage [Engine coolant temperature]

Less than 0.14 V, or higher than 4.91 V [Higher than 135°C (275°F), or less than -60°C (-76°F)]

P0117

Engine coolant temperature sensor voltage [Engine coolant temperature]

Less than 0.14 V [Higher than 135°C (275°F)]

P0118

Engine coolant temperature sensor voltage [Engine coolant temperature]

Higher than 4.91 V [Below -60°C (-76°F)]

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

Engine coolant temperature sensor voltage [Engine coolant temperature]

0.14 to 4.91 V [-60 to 135°C (-76 to 275°F)]

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  3. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the Clear DTC procedure) (See page ).

  4. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  5. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the Techstream on.
  6. Wait 0.5 seconds or more.
  7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.
  8. Read the Pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  9. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  10. Input the DTC: P0115, P0117 or P0118.
  11. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    N/A

    • Unable to perform DTC judgment
    • Number of DTCs which do not fulfill DTC preconditions has reached ECU's memory limit

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
  12. If the test result is INCOMPLETE or N/A and no pending DTC is output, perform a universal trip and check for permanent DTCs (See page ).

    HINT:

    • If a permanent DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If no permanent DTC is output, the system is normal.

WIRING DIAGRAM


CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred
  • If DTC P0117 is stored, check that the engine does not overheat (the DTC P0117 may be stored due to engine overheating).

PROCEDURE

1.

READ VALUE USING TECHSTREAM (COOLANT TEMP)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Coolant Temp.

(e) Read the value displayed on the Techstream.

OK:

Between 75 and 100°C (167 and 212°F) with warm engine.

Result

Proceed to

-40°C (-40°F)

A

Higher than 135°C (275°F)

B

Between 75 and 100°C (167 and 212°F)

C

HINT:

  • If there is an open circuit, the Techstream indicates -40°C (-40°F).
  • If there is a short circuit, the Techstream indicates higher than 135°C (275°F).

B

GO TO STEP 4


C

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS


A

2.

READ VALUE USING TECHSTREAM (CHECK FOR OPEN IN WIRE HARNESS)

(a) Confirm good connection at the engine coolant temperature sensor connector.

Text in Illustration

*1

Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor

*2

ECM

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor)

-

-

(b) Disconnect the engine coolant temperature sensor connector.

(c) Connect terminals 1 and 2 of the engine coolant temperature sensor connector on the wire harness side.

(d) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(e) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(f) Turn the Techstream on.

(g) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Coolant Temp.

(h) Read the value displayed on the Techstream.

Standard:

Higher than 135°C (275°F)

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the engine coolant temperature sensor (See page ).



OK

REPLACE ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR


NG

3.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the engine coolant temperature sensor connector.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance (Check for Open):

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

B6-2 - B58-64 (THW)

Always

Below 1 Ω

B6-1 - B58-65 (ETHW)

Always

Below 1 Ω


OK

REPLACE ECM


NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR - ECM)

4.

READ VALUE USING TECHSTREAM (CHECK FOR SHORT IN WIRE HARNESS)

(a) Disconnect the engine coolant temperature sensor connector.

Text in Illustration

*1

Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor

*2

ECM


(b) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(d) Turn the Techstream on.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Coolant Temp.

(f) Read the value displayed on the Techstream.

Standard:

-40°C (-40°F)

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the engine coolant temperature sensor (See page ).



OK

REPLACE ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR


NG

5.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the engine coolant temperature sensor connector.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance (Check for Short):

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

B6-2 or B58-64 (THW) - Body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher


OK

REPLACE ECM


NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR - ECM)

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